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Treatment for esophageal cancer depends on the stage. Surgery is the most common treatment for esophageal cancer. There are two surgical techniques:

  • Esophagectomy: The cancerous portions of the esophagus and neighboring lymph nodes are removed.
  • Radical esophagectomy: The entire esophagus and the top portion of the stomach are removed.

Chemotherapy, the use of drugs to kill cancer cells, is most often combined with radiation therapy. Photodynamic therapy: laser-sensitive chemicals are injected into the tumor site. A laser beam then targets the chemicals to destroy the tumor.